Patras, built on the foothills of Mount Panachaikon, is Greece’s third largest city, as well as the regional capital of Western Greece, in the northern Peloponnese area. In the region of Achaia wine was produced since ancient times and viticulture was among the main occupations of the inhabitants, as many archaeological excavations reveal. There are quite interesting monuments and archaeological sites in the wider area, related to the wine production activities of the past, like ancient wine presses (i.e. linoi), roman era mosaic scenes from the harvest and Dionysian representations, which are definitely poles of attraction, but also many open to public wineries that are really worth exploring.

There is a great number of indigenous grape varieties grown in the Achaia area, but the ones that participate in the PDO wines of the wider area are: Roditis, Muscat White, and Mavrodaphe.

Up until today, there are four PDO wine categories in Patras: the PDO Patras, the PDO Mavrodaphne of Patras, the PDO Muscat of Patras, and the PDO Muscat of Rio Patras.

The PDO Patras wine zone, which is definitely the largest PDO wine zone in Greece, lies along the semi-mountainous and mountainous municipal districts and communities of the Prefecture of Achaia, as follows:

  • The municipal districts of Aeges, Vela, Monastiri, Oasi, Seliana, Senevros, Chrysambela, of the Municipality of Aegira
  • The municipal districts of Daphnes, Koumaris, Kouninas, Mavriki, Melissia, Paraskevi, Pteri, Selinounda, Hatzis, of the Municipality of Aegio
  • The municipal districts of Akrata, Ambelos, Valimi, Voutsimos, Kalamia, Platanos and Paralia Platanou, of the Municipality of Akrata
  • The municipal districts of Ano Diakopto, Diakopto, Zahloritika, Kerynia, Mamousia, Trapeza, of the Municipality of Diakopto
  • The municipal districts of Erineos, Damakini, Neos Erineos, Salmeniko, Arravonitsa, of the Municipality of Erineos
  • The municipal districts of Agios Konstantinos, Alsos, Verino, Graikas, Grigoris, Dimitropoulo, Doukaneyka, Krini, Lakkos, Loggos, Mageiras, Myrovrisi, Neratzies, Rododaphne, Selianitika, Toumba, of the Municipality of Sympolitia
  • The municipal district of Plataniotissa, of the Municipality of Kalavryta
  • The municipal district of Elaeohori, of the Municipality of Dymi
  • The municipal districts of Velitses, Mihoyo, of the Municipality of Larissos
  • The municipal districts of Elikistra, Mira, Patreon (Ano Syhena, Haradra, Sykossa, Balla) and Souli, of the Municipality of Patras
  • The municipal districts of Ano & Kato Kastritsi Argyra, Pititsa, Sella, of the Municipality of Rio
  • The municipal districts of Aghia Varvara, Aghia Marina, Drossia, Erymanthia, Kalfas, Manesi, Roupakia, Skiadas, Skouras, Spartia, Chiona, of the Municipality of Tritaia
  • The municipal districts of Vasiliko, Elliniko, Kritharakia, Mirali Starohori, Halandritsa, of the Municipality of Farres
  • The municipal districts of Mazaraki (Galaneika, Ganeyika, Kato Mazaraki), Mitopoli, Portes, Santameri, Flokas, Haravgi of the Municipality of Olenia
  • The settlements of Avrami, Agios Georgios, Bouteika, of the Community of Kalentzi
  • The settlement of Ano Mazaraki, of the Community Leontio

The most beautiful and attractive part of the PDO Patras wine zone is found in the mountainous area of Aigialia, where vineyards are cultivated at altitudes that vary between 250 and 1000m.

The principal indigenous grape variety cultivated in the PDO Patras area is Roditis and PDO Patras wines may be dry, medium-dry or medium-sweet whites made by Roditis alone.

The PDO Mavrodaphne of Patras wine zone, includes the areas located within the boundaries of the following three sub-zones of Patras, of the Achaia Prefecture:

  • The main and central sub-zone including the communities of Agiovlassitika, Agios Nikolaos, Agios Stefanos, Alissos, Ano Achaia, Ano Soudaneika, Arla, Achaiko, Vrachneika, Thea, Theriano, Kallithea, Kato Alissos, Krini, Lousika, Mazaraki, Midilogli, Mitopolis, Monodendri, Ovria, Paralia, Petroto, Platanovrissi, Rogitika, Saravali, Tsoukaleika, Flokas, Fostena, Haikali and Halandritsa
  • The eastern sub-zone of Rio, including the communities Agios Vassilios, Agios Georgios, Vernardeika, Kato Kastritsi, Platani
  • The western sub-zone including the communities of Kato Achaia, Petrohori, Krinos and Petas.

The principal indigenous grape variety cultivated in the PDO Mavrodaphne of Patras area is Mavrodaphne, already mentioned, from the 16th century as a variety of the Ionian island of Cephalonia (Kefalonia).

PDO Mavrodaphne of Patras wines may be naturally sweet wines or “vin de liqueur” made from Mavrodaphne alone or blended with Corinthian Black currants (at a maximum of 49%) and must be aged for a minimum period of one year in oak barrels of a capacity that will not exceed the volume of 1,000 litres. PDO Mavrodaphne of Patras wines which have been aged for two years in oak barrels and one year in the bottle, are entitled to hold the indication “Reserve”, whereas if the PDO Mavrodaphne of Patras wines have been aged for a minimum of 7 years (minimum three years in the oak barrel and three more in the bottle) are entitled to write on the label the indication “Grand Reserve”.

PDO Mavrodaphne of Patras wines were produced from the 19th century, with a high degree of alcohol and a large amount of sugar content, adding distillates or alcohol and became famous worldwide thanks to the philhellene Bavarian entrepreneur, Gustav Clauss who founded in 1870 the Achaia Clauss, a great winemaking unit near Patras.

The PDO Muscat of Patras wine zone, includes the areas of Vrachneika (Achaiko, Vrachneika, Theriano), Dymi (Agiovlassitika, Alissos & Kato Alissos, Ano & Kato Achaia, Niforeika), Larissos (Agios Nikolaos, Riolos), Messatis (Agios Stefanos, Thea, Ovria, Saravali), Paralia (Midilogli, Paralia), Rio (Rio, Agios Vassilios, Agios Georgios, Argyra, Vernardeika, Ano & Kato Kastritsi, Drepano, Platani, Psathopyrgos), Farres (Vasiliko, Isoma) and Olenia (Ano Soudaneika, Arla, Lousika, Mitopoli, Fostena, Haikali), as well as a small section situated in the northeastern part of Patras district.

The principal indigenous grape variety cultivated in the PDO Muscat of Patras area is Muscat White (Aspro) and the PDO Muscat of Patras wines produced by Muscat White (Aspro) alone are sweet whites, either “vin naturellement doux” or “vin doux naturel” (“vin de liqueur”). If the origin of the grapes used comes from privately-owned vineyards and the yields per hectare are low, wines are entitled to hold the additional “Grand Cru” indication.

The PDO Muscat of Rio Patras wine zone includes the areas of Rio (Agios Vassilios, Agios Georgios, Ano and Kato Kastritsi, Argyra, Vernardeika, Drepano, Platani, Rio, Psathopyrgos), while a small area stretches between the northeastern parts of the Patras district.

PDO Muscat of Rio Patras wines produced may also be sweet whites, either “vin naturellement doux” or “vin doux naturel” (vin de liqueur), coming again from the vinification of the indigenous grape variety Muscat White (Aspro). In this case also, the additional “Grand Cru” indication can be entitled, provided that the origin of the grapes used comes from privately-owned vineyards and the yields per hectare are low.

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in Patra